By Chet Bowers
This severe exam of STEM discourses highlights the important to contemplate academic reforms in the assorted cultural contexts of ongoing environmental and technologically pushed alterations. Chet Bowers illuminates how the dominant myths of Western technology advertise fake gives you of what technology can in attaining. Examples exhibit how some of the technology disciplines and their shared ideology mostly fail to deal with the methods metaphorically layered language affects taken-for-granted styles of pondering and the position this performs in colonizing different cultures, hence preserving the parable that medical inquiry is aim and freed from cultural affects. instructions and questions are integrated to interact STEM scholars in turning into explicitly conscious of those matters and the demanding situations they pose.
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Additional resources for A Critical Examination of STEM: Issues and Challenges
The conduit view of language is absolutely essential to maintaining the myth of objective knowledge that is derived from supposedly culturally unmediated empirical investigations—as though there is no cultural being called a “scientist” who is observing, measuring, predicting, excluding, and putting it all down in print or in other visual systems of representation that will lead to building up the record of publications in refereed journals necessary for academic promotion. The mis-education of most scientists, as well as the general public, has led to ignoring that nearly their entire vocabulary, excluding prepositions and conjunctions, are metaphors, and that many of current meanings of words that supposedly convey an individual’s thoughts and insights were framed by analogs settled upon in the distant past.
The reduction of cultural contexts, embodied experiences, and the exercise of culturally mediated intelligence to the objective status of “data” or the printed word appearing on a page or screen further hides the taken for granted cultural traditions. The other prominent cultural shaping root metaphors still taken for granted by scientists include mechanism, individualism, progress, evolution, and now ecology. The latter root metaphor is now leading environmental scientists to question the patterns of thinking and values based on the root metaphors of mechanism, individualism, progress, and economism.
Environmental scientists who understand the nature of ecological systems, rather than the fixed abstract world represented by mainstream Western philosophers, face a special challenge in communicating to a public socialized to think in terms of rigid categories, independent entities, either/or patterns of thinking, and an external world that needs to be brought under human control. Yet, even being socialized to this pattern of thinking does not preclude how ongoing changes in relationships and what is being communicated by the Other (both human and by natural systems) does not change a basic feature of everyday life: namely, exercising what can be called an individually centered ecological form of intelligence.
A Critical Examination of STEM: Issues and Challenges by Chet Bowers