By Carlos Rotellar
A short, transparent, useful, and funny method of acute renal insufficiency.
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Extra info for Acute renal insufficiency made ridiculously simple
Chughtai et al. 1007/978-1-4939-1587-3_6, © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015 29 M. Rieken and A. 1 Physical specifications of laser types used in the treatment of benign prostatic obstruction Laser name Holmium laser Thulium laser GreenLight laser Active medium Ho:YAG crystal Thu:YAG crystal Nd:YAG crystala Diode laser Semiconductors Excitation source Flash lamp Laser diode Arc lamp Laser diode Electrical current Emitted wavelength (nm) 2,100 2,000, 2,013 532 940, 980, 1,318, 1,470 a The light emitted by the Nd:YAG crystal is frequency doubled by a KTP or LBO crystal to generate the wavelength of 532 nm photothermal effect .
Bipolar technology evolved from prostatic vaporization techniques based on the monopolar platform . These devices achieved higher currents and used broad electrodes to vaporize tissue at the cut edge of the resection. Vaporization differs from resection in that former does not provide any tissue for histopathology and is generally slower. It also results in postoperative sloughing of necrotic tissue. The more common, current use of bipolar TURP is to perform a resection similar to the standard TURP whereby prostatic adenoma is resected as chips and immediately evacuated.
7 532 nm Laser Photoselective Vaporization of the Prostate Michael Shy, Victor Lizarraga, and Ricardo R. Gonzalez Introduction Laser Physics In the 1990s, the introduction of surgical lasers was met with great enthusiasm by urologists. As we gained clinical experience, enthusiasm faltered as adverse effects and unpredictable results became apparent. Over the last 20 years, laser technology has continued to evolve, with many laser systems now available, and outcomes continuing to improve. Each of these systems has specific interactions with tissue, greatly affecting the outcome when used in surgery as well as the skills needed to perform laser procedures.
Acute renal insufficiency made ridiculously simple by Carlos Rotellar