Read e-book online Afghanistan (Nations in Transition) PDF

By Steven Otfinoski

ISBN-10: 0816050562

ISBN-13: 9780816050567

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At the other end of the spectrum is the brutal Uzbek warlord Rashid Dostum, the former head of the secret police during the Communist years. Dostum’s troops committed some of the worse atrocities against captured Taliban troops. 48 ■ AFGHANISTAN h HAMID KARZAI (b. 1957) A leader with a strong nationalist spirit and a largely secular outlook, Hamid Karzai may be just the kind of president Afghanistan needs to lead it into a new era. He was born in Kandahar on December 24, 1957, into the Popolzai clan, one of the most powerful of the Pashtun groups.

H THE ROCKY ROAD TO NATIONHOOD (1919–1979) ■ 21 It was not Daoud’s relations with the Soviets that got him into trouble at home, however. Many Afghans were critical of his obsession with the establishment of Pashtunistan and his ongoing disagreements with the Pakistanis. They wanted Daoud to pay closer attention to the economy, which was in decline. King Zahir Shah finally asserted himself and forced his cousin to resign as prime minister in 1963. A Constitutional Monarchy Within two weeks of his cousin’s resignation, Zahir appointed a commission to draw up a new constitution.

GOVERNMENT ■ 47 Unlike the American government, the Afghan government has four vice presidents. The only Pashtun vice president, Hajji Abdul Qadir, was assassinated in July 2002, creating an imbalance of power and representation in the government. President Karzai has earned the respect and support of many Afghans for his courage and determination. His primary goals are to make the nation safe, to promote education and health care, and to improve the nation’s roadways, many of which are impassable (see sidebar, chapter 10).

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Afghanistan (Nations in Transition) by Steven Otfinoski


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