By Anoushiravan Ehteshami
This e-book bargains a accomplished examine of post-Khomeini Iran, exploring the Rafsanjani management from monetary, political, foreign, and strategic views. Anoush Ehteshami assesses the severe dilemmas of the regime either in advance of and because the demise of its first religious chief.
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Additional resources for After Khomeini: The Iranian Second Republic
Second, the institutions of the regime were themselves serving as stepping stones for the ascendancy of individuals who were able, by virtue of their realism, to overcome ideological issues in order to act as a nascent structure of power in themselves. The factionalism served to weaken the regime in such a way as to allow individuals to come to prominence and ultimately to assert their brand of leadership in a way which could facilitate secure succession. This process provided a cornerstone for the direction in which the republic has moved ever since, not least because it has set the scene for constitutional, economic and political reform relatively unhindered by the more dogmatic obstructions of ideological rivalry.
The attempted coups, in any case, were all guided by a civilian political leadership; the armed forces were not acting independently. The military establishment was certainly an ‘elite in itself’ but not ‘an elite for itself’. Therefore, to win the support of this institution, the opposition forces were devoting considerable resources to secret recruitment among the officer corps. Sepehr Zabih’s analysis of the Mojahedin’s policy towards the armed forces is every bit as applicable to the strategy of the other opposition forces in the LIR category, the FM and some forces of the left.
The above, rather complementary, positions joined to add to the impetus for reform of the executive structures and ‘the ways of the state’ already openly discussed. These developments in themselves were perhaps not sufficient evidence of the demise of the old order, however. But two significant developments before the death of Ayatollah Khomeini were to provide tangible dimensions for it. These were the process of constitutional reform sanctioned by Ayatollah Khomeini and the resignation of Ayatollah Montazeri as the Faqih-designate in March 1989.
After Khomeini: The Iranian Second Republic by Anoushiravan Ehteshami