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By John L. Ackrill

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Additional resources for Aristotele

Sample text

Per questo le sue tematiche principali e le idee che vi sono connesse non hanno mai vissuto momenti di completa eclissi, sebbene in certi periodi la sua fortuna abbia toccato vertici più alti. La filosofia contemporanea comunque è quantomai interessata ad Aristotele. Gran parte dei problemi che ci impegnano maggiormente sono stati sollevati da lui, gran parte dei modi di procedere che ci sono propri furono inventati da lui o almeno da 27 lui utilizzati nel modo più proficuo. Molte delle sue conquiste sono meglio comprese e apprezzate oggi che in passato.

Serve anche (anzi il più delle volte) ad attribuire una caratteristica a qualcosa. È vero che la generosità e Tom sono due cose (ovviamente due cose di tipi o categorie differenti), ma «Tom è generoso» non dice che queste due cose diverse sono identiche. Dice che Tom possiede la generosità, non che Tom è la generosità. È precisamente questo il ruolo che nel linguaggio hanno espressioni come «è generoso» di contro a espressioni come «è la generosità». Pertanto Aristotele, attraverso le distinzioni e la descrizione, realizza il suo progetto, esplicitando ciò che nell'uso comune del linguaggio è implicito.

Se propria dell'uomo è dunque l'attività dell'anima secondo ragione, o non senza ragione, e se diciamo che questa è l'opera del suo genere e in particolare di quello virtuoso, come vi è un'opera del citaredo e in particolare del citaredo virtuoso e insomma ciò si verifica sempre, tenendo conto della virtù che viene ad aggiungersi all'azione (del citaredo è proprio il suonar la cetra, del citaredo virtuoso il suonarla bene); se è così, noi supponiamo che dell'uomo sia proprio un dato genere di vita, e questa sia costituita dall'attività dell'anima e dalle azioni razionali, mentre dell'uomo virtuoso sia proprio ciò, 39 compiuto però secondo il bene e il bello, in modo che ciascun atto si compia bene secondo la propria virtù.

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Aristotele by John L. Ackrill

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