By Peter Danielson
Synthetic Morality indicates tips to construct ethical brokers that achieve pageant with amoral brokers. Peter Danielson's brokers deviate from the obtained thought of rational selection. they're certain by way of ethical ideas and speak their ideas to others. The primary thesis of the ebook is that those ethical brokers are extra winning in an important exams, and accordingly rational.
Artificial Morality is galvanized by way of man made intelligence. the answer awarded to the matter of rationality and morality is optimistic: the development of higher ethical robots. Danielson makes use of robots paired in summary video games that version social difficulties, corresponding to environmental toxins, which gift co-operators yet much more those that take advantage of others' constraint. it truly is proven that virtuous, no longer vicious, robots do greater in those digital video games.
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Extra resources for Artificial Morality: Virtuous Robots for Virtual Games
But, I rejoin, this makes two mistakes. First, strategies need to be evaluated by how they structure one’s alternatives. II is faced with making the best of a bad situation because of her utilitarian principle. ) Second, player II does gets the worst outcome— 0. Softening this defeat by appeal to utilitarian—that is, a species of moralized—evaluation must be avoided if we are to provide a fundamental justification of moral constraint. It begs the crucial ethical question to assume utilitarian valuation.
So Chapter 6 introduces some moral tests for our initial results which suggest another new agent. Part III extends the theory beyond the extremely simplified initial model. Chapter 7 introduces learning and other flexible agents. Chapter 8 argues that when the costs of information are considered, it is not rational for all agents to be similiar responsive co-operators. Chapters 9 and 10 take us beyond the Prisoner’s Dilemma to the game of Chicken and the problem of supporting moral constraint through sanctions.
John Rawls’ theory of justice is a sophisticated example of the general contractarian method: ‘Principles of justice may be conceived as principles that would be chosen by rational persons…. In this way conceptions of justice may be explained and justified’ (Rawls 1971, p. 16). More generally, the contractarian method puts rational agents in a preferred situation and argues that their choice of X provides a fundamental justification of X, where X typically ranges over institutions or principles.
Artificial Morality: Virtuous Robots for Virtual Games by Peter Danielson