Ashes of Hama: The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria - download pdf or read online

By Raphael Lefevre

ISBN-10: 019933062X

ISBN-13: 9780199330621

While the convulsions of the Arab Spring first grew to become take place in Syria in March 2011, the Ba'athist regime was once speedy guilty the protests at the "Syrian Muslim Brotherhood" and its "al-Qaeda affiliates." yet who're those Islamists so made up our minds to rule a post-Assad Syria?

Little has been released on militant Islam in Syria on account that Hafez Assad's regime destroyed the Islamist move in its stronghold of Hama in February 1982. This ebook bridges that hole through offering readers with the 1st entire account of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood's background to date.

In this ground-breaking account of Syria's so much well-liked, but hugely secretive, Islamist employer, the writer attracts on formerly untapped resources: the memoirs of former Syrian jihadists; British and American data; and likewise a chain of wide-ranging interviews with the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood's old leaders in addition to those that battled opposed to them--many talking at the checklist for the 1st time. Ashes of Hama uncovers the main points of the Islamist fight: from the Brotherhood's radicalisation and its "jihad" opposed to the Ba'athist regime and next exile, to a fabulous comeback on the vanguard of the Syrian revolution in 2011--a striking turnaround for an Islamist stream which all analysts had suggested lifeless amid the ruins of Hama in 1982.

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Nationalism was also at play as, for the Islamic populists, upholding traditions such as the veil was the beginning of a process that would ultimately purge Syrian society of foreign influence and oust the French. 27 The “Islamic populists” had shown all the influence they could exert. In a clear break with the past practices of earlier jamiat, they had managed to politicize social and gender issues with the ultimate aim of influencing political outcomes. While they did not directly enter the realm of politics, claiming instead to be preoccupied solely by the defence of religious values, they started to enjoy a substantial political role.

At a time when established political parties were often composed of Westernized elites, the message the Ikhwan strove to convey appealed to the Egyptian people through the perceived authenticity of their message: “Islam is the solution”. The organization argued that, in order to face the cultural and socioeconomic challenges posed by the West, Egyptian Muslims had to restore vital values, taking as a starting point the original traditions found in Islam. The straightforwardness of the Islamic message was appealing to many as the Ikhwan’s constituency was largely made up of the educated middle class comprising professionals, civil servants, artisans and petty traders.

When the matter was discussed again in Parliament on 5 September, continued opposition from most other political blocs eventually convinced Mustapha al-Sibai to negotiate a compromise. In exchange for accepting that Islam would not be considered the state religion, the Muslim Brotherhood managed to introduce a clause which made Islam the religion of the head of state and introduced fiqh—Islamic jurisprudence—as the main source of legislation. On the whole, the Muslim Brotherhood had fought with “noisy eloquence”,37 noted a British diplomat at the time, and had managed to give Islam a special role in the constitution which was subsequently approved by the Syrian Parliament.

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Ashes of Hama: The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria by Raphael Lefevre

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