Get Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems PDF

By Stephen L. Young, Francis J. Pierce

ISBN-10: 9400775113

ISBN-13: 9789400775114

ISBN-10: 9400775121

ISBN-13: 9789400775121

This e-book shifts the paradigm that weeds can purely be managed utilizing broadcast purposes of chemical and mechanical suggestions in unique spatiotemporal scales, often known as built-in weed administration. actually, actual built-in weed administration is greater than simply diversification of strategies and for the 1st time can be completed utilizing complex applied sciences. automatic weed keep an eye on isn't the proverbial ‘silver bullet’, yet a completely new strategy in cropping platforms the place a number of weed keep an eye on innovations can be found to be used on the related time.
In an automatic procedure, sensor and desktop applied sciences onboard a robotic may first categorize every plant in a farmer’s box as both weed or crop, after which pass directly to determine the species of weed. as soon as these identifications have been made, a number of weed combating ideas situated on a unmarried platform can be utilized to person vegetation in response to their biology. If the method pointed out a weed that’s proof against Roundup™, for instance, it may be spritzed with a distinct herbicide. Or an onboard slicing or flaming micro-tool can be used to kill the plant instead.
The creation of a booklet that addresses weed keep watch over of the long run can have profound affects on present and destiny cropping platforms around the globe. up to now, no different source exists in this very important and speedily advancing subject of computerized weed regulate in cropping structures. within the close to destiny, a brand new process could be wanted for coping with weeds, in particular with the demanding situations of weed resistance to herbicides, off-site circulation of soil, fertilizers, and chemical compounds, an more and more non-agrarian public, hard work shortages, economies in recession, and the ongoing rural to suburban land use conversion. Automation is a part of the solution.

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Additional info for Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems

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2010). More complex (diversified) rotations build multiple stress points against weeds. By growing crops with different management requirements, it is difficult for weeds to become 2 Current State of Weed Management in Organic and Conventional Cropping Systems 27 a dominant factor within the rotation. The use of weed-suppressive crops can suppress weed growth following grain harvest by outcompeting the weeds for light, nutrient, and water resources. An example is the undersowing of cereals with red clover (Trifolium pratense).

Crop production. Weed Technol 21:559–566 Green JM, Owen MDK (2011) Herbicide-resistant crops: utilities and limitations for herbicideresistant weed management. J Agric Food Chem 59:5819–5829 Grube A, Donaldson D, Kiely T, Wu L (2011) Pesticide industry sales and usage: 2006 and 2007 market estimates. S. EPA. pdf. Accessed 14 July 2011 Gündoğmus E (2006) Energy use on organic farming: a comparative analysis on organic versus conventional apricot production on small holdings in Turkey. Energy Conserv Manage 47:3351–3359 Hartman (2007) The organic marketplace.

F. A. Boydston New sprayer technology is available that only applies herbicide when a weed is identified, but has had limited adoption by growers to date. One example of this technology is the WeedSeeker® sprayer which utilizes optics and computer circuitry to detect green plants and activate spray nozzles to apply a nonselective herbicide. Sprayers equipped with this technology are able to reduce the total amount of herbicide applied when weed canopies do not entirely cover the ground and have been utilized primarily for controlling weeds in fallow ground.

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Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems by Stephen L. Young, Francis J. Pierce

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